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By The Wyoming LLC Attorney Team

June 02, 2023

How to Start a Vending Machine Business

Form a Wyoming LLC-WY LLC Benefits


A vending machine business can be a profitable and low-maintenance venture if planned and executed correctly. With the right location and product selection, vending machines can generate a steady income with minimal overhead. Read this article for the steps to start your own vending machine business.

Steps to Start Your Own Vending Machine Business

Step 1: Conduct Market Research

Before diving into the vending machine business, it's crucial to understand your local market. Research the demand for vending machines, the types of products that sell well in your area, and potential competition. Identify the most profitable locations, such as schools, offices, shopping centers, and hospitals, where there is high foot traffic and a need for convenient refreshments or other products.

Step 2: Create a Business Plan

Develop a comprehensive business plan outlining your target market, product selection, pricing strategy, marketing approach, and financial projections. This plan will serve as a roadmap for your business and help you establish goals, track progress, and secure financing if necessary.

Step 3: Choose a Legal Structure and Register Your Business

Determine the legal structure of your business, such as a sole proprietorship, partnership, or limited liability company (LLC). Register your business with the appropriate local, state, and federal authorities, and obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN) if required.

Step 4: Obtain Licenses and Permits

Research and obtain any necessary licenses and permits required for your jurisdiction. This may include a general business license, sales tax permit, or specific permits for vending machines.

Step 5: Secure Financing

Calculate the startup costs for your vending machine business, including purchasing or leasing vending machines, inventory, insurance, and transportation. Determine whether you need external financing, such as a small business loan or an investor, to cover these costs.

Step 6: Purchase or Lease Vending Machines

Research various vending machine models and manufacturers, taking into consideration factors such as capacity, reliability, and the types of products you plan to sell. Compare the costs and benefits of purchasing versus leasing vending machines to determine the best option for your business.

Step 7: Select and Source Products

Choose a product selection that caters to your target market and location. Source products from reliable suppliers, negotiating the best prices and payment terms to maximize your profit margin.

Step 8: Find and Secure Locations

Identify suitable locations for your vending machines, considering factors such as foot traffic, accessibility, and competition. Approach property owners or managers to negotiate rental agreements or commission-based arrangements for placing your vending machines on their premises.

Step 9: Install and Stock Vending Machines

Arrange for the delivery and installation of your vending machines at the chosen locations. Stock the machines with your selected products, ensuring that they are properly displayed and priced.

Step 10: Establish a Maintenance and Restocking Schedule

Develop a routine for regularly inspecting, maintaining, and restocking your vending machines. This ensures that your machines remain in good working order and that your inventory is always fresh and available.

Step 11: Market Your Business

Promote your vending machine business through various marketing channels, such as social media, local advertising, and networking with local businesses and professionals. Consider offering special promotions or incentives to attract customers and encourage repeat business.

Step 12: Monitor and Optimize Your Business

Track the performance of your vending machines, analyzing sales data, and customer feedback to identify trends and opportunities for improvement. Continually optimize your product selection, pricing, and location strategy to maximize your profits and grow your business.

By following these steps, you can successfully start and operate a vending machine business. With dedication, research, and a focus on meeting customer needs, your vending machine venture can become a profitable and sustainable business.

Vending machine costs

Vending machine costs can vary widely depending on the type of machine, its capacity, its features, and whether you choose to purchase or lease the equipment. Here's a breakdown of the primary costs associated with starting a vending machine business:

  1. Machine costs: The cost of vending machines can range from $1,000 to $6,000 or more for new equipment. Snack and beverage machines are typically the most common and can cost between $3,000 and $4,000 each. Specialty machines, such as coffee vending machines or machines selling high-priced products, can be more expensive. Used or refurbished machines can be a more affordable option, with prices starting as low as $500, but it's important to ensure they are in good working condition.
  2. Lease costs: If you choose to lease vending machines, you can expect to pay a monthly fee, which can range from $50 to $200 or more, depending on the machine's type and value. Leasing can be a more manageable option for those with limited startup capital, but it may be more expensive in the long run compared to purchasing the machines outright.
  3. Inventory costs: The cost of stocking your vending machines with products will depend on the type and quantity of items you choose to sell. You'll need to factor in the wholesale cost of the products, shipping or delivery fees, and any storage costs if necessary.
  4. Maintenance and repair costs: Regular maintenance and repairs are essential to keep your vending machines in good working order. These costs can vary depending on the machine's age and condition, but you should budget for routine maintenance, such as cleaning and servicing, as well as unexpected repairs or replacement parts.
  5. Licensing and permits: Depending on your jurisdiction, you may need to obtain licenses or permits to operate your vending machine business. These costs can vary by location and the type of permit required.
  6. Insurance costs: To protect your business from potential liabilities, you'll need to purchase insurance coverage, such as general liability insurance and property insurance. The cost of insurance will depend on your specific coverage needs and risk factors.
  7. Location costs: If you need to pay rent or commissions to secure prime locations for your vending machines, these costs should also be factored into your budget. Location costs can vary widely based on factors such as foot traffic, competition, and the type of venue.
  8. Transportation costs: You'll need a reliable means of transportation to service and restock your vending machines. Factor in the cost of a vehicle, fuel, and maintenance expenses.
  9. Marketing costs: To promote your vending machine business and attract customers, you may need to allocate funds for marketing efforts, such as advertising, social media, or promotional materials.

When starting a vending machine business, it's crucial to carefully consider and budget for these various costs to ensure you have the necessary funds to launch and operate your venture successfully.

Start Your Business

Find your vending machine

When looking for a vending machine, there are several options to consider. These include manufacturers, wholesale vending suppliers, secondary market sellers, and consumer-to-consumer platforms. Here's a brief overview of each option:

  1. Manufacturers: Purchasing directly from vending machine manufacturers can be a great option if you're looking for new, reliable, and up-to-date equipment. Major manufacturers typically offer a wide variety of machines, including snack, beverage, and specialty machines. Some well-known vending machine manufacturers include Crane Merchandising Systems, Vendo, Royal Vendors, and Seaga.
  2. Wholesale vending suppliers: Wholesale suppliers or distributors can be another good source for vending machines. These suppliers may offer a range of new, used, or refurbished machines at competitive prices. In addition to vending machines, they may also supply inventory, replacement parts, and other vending-related products. It's essential to research the reputation and reliability of the wholesale supplier before making a purchase.
  3. Secondary market sellers: The secondary market includes used or refurbished vending machines sold by businesses or individuals looking to liquidate their assets. These machines can often be found at a lower price compared to new machines, but it's important to carefully inspect the machine's condition and functionality before buying. Some secondary market sellers might also offer warranties or maintenance services for their machines.
  4. Consumer-to-consumer platforms like Craigslist and eBay: Online marketplaces, such as Craigslist and eBay, can be a valuable resource for finding used vending machines at a lower cost. These platforms allow individuals or businesses to sell their machines directly to buyers. However, purchasing from consumer-to-consumer platforms can come with some risks, such as a lack of warranty, potential for scams, or difficulty in verifying the machine's condition. When buying from these platforms, it's essential to do your due diligence and consider arranging an in-person inspection of the machine before completing the transaction.

The best option for finding your vending machine will depend on your budget, desired machine type, and risk tolerance. Weigh the pros and cons of each option, and consider factors such as reliability, condition, warranty, and ongoing support when making your decision.

How to Fund Your Vending Machine Business: Financing Options

Starting a vending machine business requires capital to cover the costs of purchasing or leasing machines, inventory, insurance, and other expenses. There are several financing options available to help fund your venture, including personal savings, small business loans, and lines of credit. In this section, we will discuss each of these financing options in detail.

Personal Savings:

Using personal savings is a common way to fund a vending machine business, especially for entrepreneurs who want to avoid debt and maintain full ownership of their company. Self-funding your business has several advantages, such as lower startup costs, no interest payments, and greater control over financial decisions. However, it's essential to carefully assess your financial situation and ensure that you have enough savings to cover not only the initial startup costs but also ongoing expenses and potential emergencies.

Small Business Loan:

Small business loans are another option for funding your vending machine business. These loans are provided by banks, credit unions, and other financial institutions and can be used to cover various startup and operational costs. The Small Business Administration (SBA) offers several loan programs, such as the SBA 7(a) loan and the SBA Microloan, which can provide financing for eligible small businesses.

To qualify for a small business loan, you will need to meet specific criteria, including a solid credit history, a detailed business plan, and the ability to provide collateral or a personal guarantee. Interest rates and repayment terms will vary depending on the lender and your creditworthiness. It's essential to research and compare multiple loan offers to find the best terms and conditions for your business.

Line of Credit:

A business line of credit is a flexible financing option that allows you to access funds as needed, up to a predetermined credit limit. This type of financing can be an excellent choice for covering short-term expenses, such as inventory, maintenance, or unexpected costs. With a line of credit, you only pay interest on the funds you actually use, making it a cost-effective option for managing cash flow.

To obtain a business line of credit, you will need to apply with a financial institution, such as a bank or credit union. The application process typically requires a solid credit history, financial statements, and a detailed business plan. Interest rates and credit limits will vary based on the lender and your creditworthiness.

Funding your vending machine business is a crucial step in getting your venture off the ground. Whether you choose to use personal savings, obtain a small business loan, or secure a line of credit, it's essential to carefully evaluate your financial needs and select the best financing option for your business. By securing the necessary funds, you can invest in your vending machine business's success and focus on growing and expanding your operations.

Find the right location for your vending machine

The success of a vending machine business largely depends on finding the right location for your machines. A well-chosen location can result in high foot traffic, leading to increased sales and profits. In this section, we will discuss key considerations and strategies for finding the perfect spot for your vending machines.

1. High Foot Traffic Areas:

A high foot traffic area is crucial for a successful vending machine location. The more people passing by your machine, the higher the chances of attracting customers. Consider placing your machines in locations such as:

  • Shopping malls
  • Office buildings and business parks
  • Schools, colleges, and universities
  • Hospitals and medical centers
  • Public transportation hubs (bus stations, train stations, airports)
  • Hotels and motels
  • Gyms and fitness centers
  • Entertainment venues (movie theaters, sports arenas, concert halls)

2. Target Market and Product Selection:

Consider your target market and the products you plan to sell when choosing a location. Different products and target demographics may require different locations. For example, if you plan to sell healthy snacks and beverages, you might want to place your machines in gyms, health centers, or office buildings.

3. Visibility and Accessibility:

Ensure that your vending machine is visible and easily accessible to passersby. Place your machines in well-lit areas with clear sightlines and avoid obstructed or hidden locations. Additionally, consider the accessibility of your machines for individuals with disabilities or mobility challenges.

4. Security and Safety:

Choose a location that is safe and secure, both for your customers and your vending machine. Locations with security cameras, good lighting, and regular foot traffic can help deter theft and vandalism. Additionally, ensure that your machine is securely fastened or anchored to prevent potential tampering.

5. Competition:

Research the competition in your desired location, and avoid placing your machines in an area that is already saturated with similar products or vending machines. Instead, seek out underserved areas where there is a clear demand for your products but limited competition.

6. Negotiating with Property Owners:

Once you have identified a potential location, approach the property owner or manager to discuss placing your vending machine on their premises. Be prepared to negotiate rental fees, commission rates, or other arrangements that benefit both parties. Present a professional image and emphasize the value and convenience your machine will provide to its customers, employees, or tenants.

Finding the right location for your vending machine is crucial for maximizing sales and profits. By considering factors such as foot traffic, target market, visibility, security, and competition, you can identify ideal locations for your vending machines. Additionally, building strong relationships with property owners and managers can help secure prime spots and contribute to the long-term success of your vending machine business.

Stocking Your Vending Machine with Inventory

A key aspect of operating a successful vending machine business is maintaining a well-stocked inventory of products that appeal to your target customers. In this section, we will discuss tips and best practices for selecting, sourcing, and stocking your vending machine with inventory.

1. Selecting Products:

To maximize sales and profits, choose products that are popular and in demand among your target market. Keep the following factors in mind when selecting products:

  • Customer preferences: Research and understand the preferences of your target customers. Consider factors such as age, lifestyle, and location when selecting products.
  • Product variety: Offer a diverse mix of products to cater to different tastes and preferences. Include a balance of snacks, beverages, and specialty items if applicable.
  • Seasonal items: Consider offering seasonal or limited-time products to keep your offerings fresh and encourage repeat business.

2. Sourcing Products:

Once you've selected the products you want to sell, source them from reliable suppliers at competitive prices. Some strategies for sourcing products include:

  • Wholesale suppliers: Purchase products in bulk from wholesale suppliers to get the best prices and maximize your profit margins.
  • Local suppliers: Partner with local businesses or producers to offer unique, locally-made products that may appeal to your customers.
  • Discounts and promotions: Take advantage of discounts, promotions, or bulk purchasing incentives offered by suppliers to reduce your inventory costs.

3. Stocking Your Vending Machine:

Properly stocking your vending machine is essential for maximizing sales and minimizing spoilage. Follow these best practices when stocking your machine:

  • Product placement: Place best-selling or high-margin items at eye level to encourage impulse purchases. Consider using a planogram to guide your product placement strategy.
  • Inventory rotation: Regularly rotate your inventory to ensure that older products are sold first and reduce the risk of spoilage or waste.
  • Stock levels: Keep your vending machine well-stocked but avoid overstocking, which can lead to spoilage or reduced product freshness. Monitor sales data to determine the optimal stock levels for each product.
  • Presentation: Ensure that products are neatly arranged and labels are clearly visible to customers. Remove any damaged or expired products from the machine promptly.

4. Monitoring and Adjusting Inventory:

Regularly monitor your inventory and sales data to identify trends and adjust your product selection as needed. Use this information to:

  • Identify best-selling products: Focus on stocking the products that sell well and generate the most profit.
  • Discontinue poor performers: Remove products that consistently underperform or have low sales volume.
  • Test new products: Regularly introduce new products to test their appeal and gauge customer interest.

Stocking your vending machine with a well-curated inventory is essential for attracting customers and generating sales. By carefully selecting products, sourcing them from reliable suppliers, and following best practices for stocking and inventory management, you can maximize your vending machine's profitability and ensure a steady stream of satisfied customers.

Startup Options for Your Vending Machine Business

When considering starting a vending machine business, there are three primary options: buying an existing vending machine business, purchasing a vending machine franchise, or starting your own business from scratch. Each option has its advantages and challenges, and the best choice will depend on your goals, resources, and preferences. In this section, we will discuss and compare these three startup options.

1. Buy an Existing Vending Machine Business:

Purchasing an established vending machine business can be an attractive option for entrepreneurs who want to hit the ground running with a proven business model and existing revenue streams. Advantages of buying an existing business include:

  • Established customer base and locations
  • Existing relationships with suppliers and property owners
  • Immediate cash flow from day one
  • Lower risk compared to starting from scratch

However, there are also potential challenges, such as:

  • The higher upfront cost to purchase the business
  • Potential issues with the business's reputation or performance
  • Limited flexibility to make changes to the business model or product offerings

2. Buy a Vending Machine Franchise:

Purchasing a vending machine franchise offers the advantage of working with an established brand and receiving support in areas like marketing, training, and operations. Some benefits of buying a franchise include:

  • Brand recognition and reputation
  • Proven business model and systems
  • Access to proprietary products or technologies
  • Ongoing support and training from the franchisor

However, there are also drawbacks to consider, such as:

  • Franchise fees and ongoing royalty payments
  • Less control over your business compared to starting independently
  • Restrictions on product selection and suppliers
  • Potential competition with other franchisees in your territory

3. Start Your Own Vending Machine Business:

Starting your own vending machine business from scratch allows for maximum flexibility and control over all aspects of your business. Advantages of this option include:

  • Lower initial costs compared to buying an existing business or franchise
  • Complete control over product selection, locations, and business model
  • The opportunity to build your brand and reputation from the ground up
  • Potential for higher profit margins without franchise fees or royalties

However, starting from scratch also comes with its challenges, such as:

  • Greater risk and uncertainty compared to buying an established business
  • The need to build customer relationships and secure prime locations
  • Longer time to reach profitability
  • More responsibility for all aspects of the business, including marketing, operations, and inventory management.

Each startup option for a vending machine business comes with its own set of advantages and challenges. Consider your goals, available resources, and desired level of control when choosing the best path for your entrepreneurial journey. By carefully evaluating each option and aligning it with your personal preferences and objectives, you can set yourself up for success in the competitive world of vending machine businesses.

Advantages and disadvantages of starting a vending machine business

A vending machine business can be a lucrative and flexible entrepreneurial opportunity for many individuals. However, it's essential to carefully consider the advantages and disadvantages before diving into this type of business. In this section, we will discuss the key pros and cons of starting a vending machine business.


  1. Low startup costs: Compared to other businesses, vending machines generally have lower startup costs, making them more accessible for aspiring entrepreneurs. Initial expenses typically include the cost of the machines, inventory, and minor licensing fees.
  2. Passive income potential: Once the vending machines are set up and stocked, they can generate income with minimal ongoing effort, allowing for a relatively passive income stream.
  3. Scalability: A vending machine business can be easily scaled up or down by adding or removing machines, making it adaptable to your goals and resources.
  4. Flexible schedule: Vending machine businesses offer flexibility in terms of working hours, as machine servicing and restocking can be done at your convenience. This makes it an ideal option for those seeking a side business or a more flexible work-life balance.
  5. Minimal overhead costs: Vending machines require little overhead, as there is no need for a brick-and-mortar location or employees, which helps keep ongoing expenses low.


  1. Finding the right locations: Securing prime locations with high foot traffic is crucial for the success of your vending machine business. This can be challenging and time-consuming, as it often involves negotiating with property owners or managers.
  2. Competition: Vending machine businesses face competition from other machines and convenience stores. Finding a unique selling proposition or niche can be crucial in standing out from the competition.
  3. Maintenance and repairs: Vending machines can require regular maintenance, repairs, and cleaning to remain in good working order. This can be time-consuming and may require technical expertise or the assistance of a professional technician.
  4. Risk of theft and vandalism: Vending machines can be targets for theft and vandalism, which may result in financial losses and the need for repairs or replacement of machines.
  5. Slow growth: Depending on your initial investment and the performance of your machines, it may take some time for your vending machine business to become profitable.

Starting a vending machine business can offer numerous advantages, such as low startup costs, passive income potential, scalability, and a flexible schedule. However, it's essential to weigh these against the disadvantages, such as finding the right locations, competition, maintenance, risk of theft, and potential slow growth. By carefully considering both the pros and cons, aspiring entrepreneurs can make an informed decision about whether a vending machine business is the right opportunity for them.

Frequently Asked Questions about Vending Machine Businesses

The profitability of owning a vending machine varies depending on factors such as location, product selection, and competition. In high-traffic areas with well-chosen products, vending machines can generate significant revenue. However, the profitability of a vending machine business will also depend on overhead costs, such as machine maintenance, inventory, and location rental fees. Researching your target market and selecting the right products and locations can significantly increase your chances of turning a profit.

Vending machines can be a good investment for some entrepreneurs due to their relatively low startup costs, passive income potential, and scalability. However, the success of a vending machine business depends on finding the right locations, stocking popular products, and minimizing overhead expenses. Like any investment, it's crucial to weigh the risks and rewards and carefully consider whether a vending machine business aligns with your goals and resources.

A contract is often recommended when placing a vending machine in a business or other commercial property. The contract should outline the terms and conditions of the agreement between the vending machine owner and the property owner or manager. This may include details on rental fees or commissions, maintenance and servicing responsibilities, and the duration of the agreement. Having a contract in place can help protect both parties and ensure a clear understanding of the expectations and responsibilities involved.

In some cases, vending machine owners may pay rent to place their machines on a property. The rental fees can be a fixed amount or based on a percentage of sales generated by the machine. Rental agreements and fees can vary significantly depending on the location and the negotiation between the vending machine owner and the property owner or manager. In some instances, property owners may not charge rent, but instead, agree to a commission-based arrangement where they receive a percentage of the vending machine's sales.

Yes, vending machines are typically subject to taxes. The specific tax obligations for a vending machine business will depend on the local, state, and federal regulations that apply in your area. Common taxes that may affect vending machine owners include sales tax, income tax, and property tax (if you own the property where the machine is placed). Additionally, some jurisdictions may require vending machine owners to obtain a tax permit or license. It's essential to research and understand the tax requirements for your vending machine business to ensure compliance and avoid penalties.