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New York LLC Taxes

How to Start an LLC

Everybody has to pay taxes. It’s fair to say that nobody understands every law at all times, and yet when tax time cometh, we must payeth. Navigating the complexities of New York LLC taxes can seem daunting, but understanding this landscape is crucial for those who form an LLC. From the intricacies of income and self-employment taxes to the nuances of different tax elections and holding company taxes, each element plays a pivotal role in maximizing the benefits of your LLC. Whether you're operating a single member LLC or an anonymous LLC, it's essential to grasp the requirements, including an operating agreement and annual report submissions, alongside managing the fees effectively. This article aims to demystify the tax obligations of LLCs in New York, providing a clear roadmap for achieving optimal asset protection and financial efficiency. Join us as we explore the essential tax considerations that will empower your LLC to thrive in the Empire State's dynamic business environment.

What Is an LLC?

Similar to a corporation or a partnership, a Limited Liability Company (LLC) is a business entity that offers protection for personal assets as well as flexibility when it comes to taxation. When you start a business, you want to ensure that your personal assets are protected. An LLC offers the limited liability protection you need while also providing the ability to elect how you are taxed. The default state of an LLC changes depending on whether it is a single-member or multi-member LLC. Whether or not there are multiple owners of an LLC, the initial treatment is that of a sole proprietorship or a partnership. This means that the LLC is treated as a pass-through entity, and instead of being taxed itself, the owner(s) of the LLC are taxed directly based on personal earnings.

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How Are Limited Liability Companies Taxed?

Whether or not there are multiple owners of an LLC, the initial treatment is that of a sole proprietorship or a partnership. This means that the LLC is treated as a pass-through entity, and instead of being taxed itself, the owner(s) of the LLC are taxed directly based on personal earnings. There are also state and local rules to follow that will change based on where your business is located. Some states like Wyoming and Nevada limit how much a business is taxed. New York, on the other hand, imposes tax regulations based on how much a company earns in a year.

Income Taxes

Essentially, an LLC will either be treated as a corporation or a disregarded entity, depending on how the members elect to be taxed. This is the case whether an LLC has a single or multiple owners. In New York, state taxes are paid on top of federal taxes and are generally due the same day. Here’s a brief rundown on the differences between multi and single-member LLCs.

Single Member LLCs

If you are in charge of a business entity solely and you have limited liability, then you’ve got yourself a single-member LLC. The IRS by default recognizes this as a disregarded entity, meaning the business is separate from the owner when it comes to personal risk, but the sole owner is responsible for taxes owed. Basically, the responsibility for taxes owed passes through the LLC to whoever makes money in that business. This is what is known as “pass-through” taxation, and for tax purposes, the LLC is disregarded. This is covered by filing a Schedule C tax return alongside the tax returns of the individual who owns the business.

Multi-Member LLCs

While a single-member LLC is treated as a sole proprietorship for tax purposes, a multi-member LLC is treated as a partnership. A partnership is also treated as a pass-through entity for tax purposes, and each member is expected to pay taxes based on their personal earnings. When they file taxes, they will have to attach a Schedule E with their personal federal income tax form.

Electing Taxation

Part of the draw of an LLC is the ability to protect your personal assets operating as a business, while also gaining the best tax advantages possible. A sole proprietorship or a partnership might not offer the best advantages, and that’s where the flexibility of an LLC comes in. New York tax laws are numerous, and for every tax imposed on a business, there’s a potential tax law offering a deductible. Sorting through these laws takes some research, but if you run a business with employees, it might be more beneficial to be taxed as a corporation, while maintaining your status as an LLC. To do so you just need to update your tax status by filing Form 8832. This also applies if you decide to switch again in the future.

What Is Tax Deductible for an LLC?

The items that end up being tax deductible for an LLC are those that can reasonably be associated with the workings of the business. New York has an online website to assist with finding deductions and filling out the form associated with it: Form IT-196. Depending on the nature of your business and whether or not you have employees who you pay salary and benefits, there are many things that can be deducted in New York:

  • Startup Expenses
  • Office Supplies
  • Advertisements
  • Gas and Traveling
  • Business Loan Interest
  • Bank Fees
  • Taxes You Pay
  • Insurance
  • Use of Your Home for Business
  • Daycare Costs
  • Depreciated Property Costs
  • Education Costs
  • Legal and Professional Fees

There are many other possibilities. Consulting with a tax accountant can provide valuable insights into additional considerations for your business. We recommend reaching out to our partners at Bench. They can assist you in organizing your books, maximizing your deductions, and efficiently completing your filing for the year.

Your business might also be eligible for a tax relief benefit granted by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act passed and put into effect in 2018. Your pass-through entity might be able to deduct up to 20% of its net income, up to an annual amount.

Other LLC Taxes

Having an entity formed in New York means adhering to the rules implemented by the state. States like Texas don’t impose state income taxes, but New York does.

State Taxes

If you sell goods in New York then you will need to register as a sales and tax vendor. If you’re uncertain as to whether or not this applies to your business, you can double-check the info on TB-ST-275. After you determine whether or not you’re responsible for paying sales tax, the next step is to register online or submit a Form DTF-17. You will then periodically (depending on how much you earn in sales) be expected to submit a Form ST-100, or a Form ST-101, to the Department of Taxation and Finance (DTF)

Self-Employment Taxes

Since a member of an LLC isn’t considered an employee generally, it’s up to the individual to pay Medicare and Social Security taxes. Normally those wages would be withheld, but since everything passes through, it’s up to the owner to pay the IRS these taxes each year.

How Do LLCs Pay State Income Tax?

State income taxes are generally due when federal taxes are paid. New York has a resource center for gathering information on taxes owed, including changes from year to year. New York also has a filing fee associated with operating an LLC that can change from $25 - $4500, depending on net income.

Stay informed by consulting with a business lawyer or tax attorney. If you have questions about forming your New York LLC reach out to us by completing the contact form or by calling +1 (307) 683-0983. Our paralegals are here to assist you.