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What Is DAO?

How to Start an LLC


A Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO) is an organization governed by rules and protocols encoded as computer programs on a blockchain. The process of creating a DAO involves defining its purpose, choosing a blockchain platform, developing rules and smart contracts, deploying them, distributing governance tokens, establishing communication channels, launching the DAO, and ongoing management and development.

The Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO) is a type of organization that functions based on rules and protocols encoded as computer programs stored on the blockchain. DAOs are designed to be decentralized, transparent, and resistant to censorship since they do not rely on any single entity or authority for decisions or control over the organization.

Instead, DAOs are typically governed by their community members, who hold tokens that represent their voting rights in the organization. These token holders can vote on proposals, which can include decisions related to the DAO's development, operations, and allocation of resources. The blockchain ensures that the organization's decisions are transparent, auditable, and secure.

DAOs can be used for various purposes, such as decentralized finance (DeFi) platforms, digital asset management, decentralized applications (dApps), and more. They have the potential to change the way organizations are managed and operated by removing the need for traditional hierarchical structures and central control.

Understanding Decentralized Autonomous Organizations

DAOs work by utilizing smart contracts, blockchain technology, and token-based governance systems to operate in a decentralized manner. Here's an overview of how they work:

  1. Smart contracts: DAOs rely on smart contracts, which are self-executing contracts containing the terms of an agreement directly written into computer code. These contracts are executed automatically when the specified conditions are met, eliminating the need for intermediaries or centralized control. Smart contracts enable the automation of various tasks, such as distributing funds, enforcing rules, and managing governance processes.
  2. Blockchain technology: The backbone of a DAO is the underlying blockchain network, which provides a decentralized and secure platform for the organization's operations. The blockchain ensures that all transactions, records, and data are transparent, immutable, and secure from tampering or hacking. This technology allows DAOs to operate without a central authority and helps build trust among community members.
  3. Token-based governance: DAOs use a token-based governance system to enable community participation and decision-making. Members of the DAO hold tokens that represent their voting power in the organization. They can use these tokens to vote on proposals, make decisions, or even submit new proposals. The greater the number of tokens a member possesses, the stronger their influence becomes in the decision-making process.
  4. Proposals and voting: Members of the DAO can create and submit proposals, which can include changes to the organization's rules, funding allocation, or any other relevant decisions. The proposals are then voted on by token holders, and if a proposal receives a majority or a predefined threshold of votes, it is approved and implemented. This process ensures that decision-making is decentralized and reflects the collective will of the community.
  5. Incentives and rewards: Many DAOs have built-in incentive mechanisms to encourage participation and contribution to the organization. For example, token holders may earn rewards for voting on proposals or for contributing their skills and expertise to the DAO's projects. This helps to align the interests of the community members and promotes active engagement in the organization's activities.

By combining these elements, DAOs create a decentralized, transparent, and secure environment for organizations to operate and make collective decisions. This can lead to more efficient and democratic management, as well as reduced bureaucracy and reliance on centralized authorities.

Benefits of DAOs

DAOs offer several benefits over traditional organizations, thanks to their decentralized, transparent, and automated nature. Some of the key benefits include:


DAOs eliminate the need for centralized control or management, which can reduce the risk of corruption, mismanagement, or concentration of power. This allows for a more equitable distribution of authority and decision-making among community members.


The use of blockchain technology ensures that all transactions, decisions, and activities within a DAO are recorded and verifiable. This creates a high level of transparency and trust among members and stakeholders, making it easier to track the organization's operations and hold decision-makers accountable.

Automation and Efficiency

Smart contracts automate many aspects of a DAO's operations, such as enforcing rules, distributing funds, and executing decisions. This could result in increased productivity, lower administrative costs, and faster decision-making processes.

Community-Driven Governance

Token-based governance systems give community members the power to participate in decision-making and influence the direction of the organization. This can lead to more democratic and inclusive resolutions that better reflect the desires of a broader collective.

Incentive Alignment

DAOs often incorporate incentive mechanisms to encourage participation and contribution from members, helping to align the interests of individual members with the overall goals of the organization.

Borderless Collaboration

DAOs can operate on a global scale, allowing people from different geographic locations and backgrounds to collaborate and contribute to the organization. This can lead to a diverse range of perspectives and ideas, as well as increased access to resources and expertise.

Resilience and Security

The decentralized nature of DAOs and the use of blockchain technology can make them more resilient to attacks or failures, as there is no single point of failure that can be exploited by bad actors. Additionally, the immutability of blockchain records adds an extra layer of security to the organization's data and transactions.

Adaptability and Innovation

DAOs can be more adaptable to change and open to innovation, as they can continuously evolve through community-driven decision-making processes. This can help them stay relevant and competitive in rapidly changing industries and environments.

However, it's important to note that DAOs also have their challenges and limitations, such as regulatory uncertainty, governance issues, or potential vulnerabilities in smart contracts. Despite these challenges, DAOs have the potential to revolutionize the way organizations are managed and operated, offering a more democratic and decentralized alternative to traditional models.


While DAOs offer many potential benefits, they also come with several downsides and challenges. Some of the key downsides include:

Regulatory Uncertainty

DAOs operate in a relatively new and rapidly evolving legal landscape, which can lead to regulatory uncertainty and potential legal risks. This can make it difficult for DAOs to interact with traditional financial systems, institutions, or legal frameworks.

Governance Issues

Although DAOs aim to provide democratic and decentralized governance, they can still face issues related to decision-making processes, such as low voter participation, the concentration of voting power among a few members, or disagreements within the community. These challenges can lead to slow decision-making, inefficiencies, or even the risk of the DAO becoming centralized.

Smart Contract Vulnerabilities

Smart contracts are the foundation of DAOs, but they can be prone to bugs or vulnerabilities if not properly coded and audited. These vulnerabilities can be exploited by bad actors, potentially leading to loss of funds or control of the organization.


As DAOs grow in size and complexity, they may face scalability issues related to transaction throughput and the ability to process large amounts of data on the underlying blockchain network. This can lead to slower transaction times, increased costs, or limitations on the organization's growth.

Technological Barriers

Participating in a DAO can require a certain level of technical knowledge, which can create barriers to entry for some individuals. This may limit the diversity and inclusiveness of the organization, as well as the potential pool of participants and contributors.

Privacy Concerns

While transparency is a key benefit of DAOs, it can also raise privacy concerns, as all transactions and activities on the blockchain are publicly visible. This may deter some individuals or organizations from participating in DAOs, especially if they have concerns about revealing sensitive information or business strategies.

Coordination Challenges

Decentralized decision-making processes can lead to coordination challenges, as it can be more difficult to align the interests and actions of a large number of diverse participants. This may result in slower progress, inefficiencies, or even conflicts within the organization.

Reputation Risks

As DAOs often operate in a permissionless environment, they may be associated with fraudulent or malicious actors, which can pose risks to the reputation of the organization and its members.

Despite these downsides, many organizations and individuals are exploring the use of DAOs as an alternative to traditional organizational structures. As the technology and legal landscape continue to evolve, some of these challenges may become more manageable. This will allow greater access and usability of DAOs across a variety of applications.

Creation of a DAO

Creating a DAO involves several steps, from defining its purpose and structure to deploying the necessary smart contracts and establishing governance mechanisms. Here's a general outline of the process:

Define the Purpose and Objectives

Start by identifying the purpose and goals of the DAO. This could range from managing a decentralized finance (DeFi) platform, facilitating community decision-making, or even running a decentralized application (dApp). Clearly defining the objectives will help guide the development of the DAO's rules and governance structure.

Choose a Blockchain Platform

Select a suitable blockchain platform to host the DAO. Common choices include Ethereum, Binance Smart Chain, and Polkadot, among others. The chosen platform should support smart contracts and offer the necessary tools and infrastructure for building and deploying a DAO.

Develop the DAO's Rules and Structure

Design the rules and organizational structure that will govern the DAO. This includes defining the roles and responsibilities of members, outlining the decision-making processes, and setting up the token-based governance system. Consider incorporating incentive mechanisms and reward structures to encourage participation and contribution from members.

Write and Test Smart Contracts

Develop smart contracts that will automate the DAO's operations and enforce its rules. This may include contracts for managing the token-based governance system, distributing funds, and executing decisions. Ensure the smart contracts are thoroughly tested and audited for security and functionality before deployment.

Deploy the Smart Contracts

Once the smart contracts have been developed, tested, and audited, deploy them on the chosen blockchain platform. This will create the DAO's infrastructure and establish the organization on the blockchain.

Create and Distribute Governance Tokens

Issue the DAO's governance tokens, which will be used by members to participate in decision-making processes. Distribute these tokens to initial members, either through a token sale, an airdrop, or other distribution methods. Ensure the distribution process is fair and transparent to establish trust within the community.

Establish Communication Channels

Set up communication channels and platforms for the DAO's members to discuss proposals, share ideas, and collaborate on projects. This may include forums, chat rooms, or even social media platforms.

Launch the DAO

With the infrastructure in place and the governance tokens distributed, officially launch the DAO and invite members to start participating in its activities. This may involve submitting proposals, voting on decisions, or contributing to the organization's projects.

Ongoing Management and Development

After launching the DAO, it will require ongoing management and development to ensure it remains effective and aligned with its objectives. This may involve refining the governance processes, updating smart contracts, and addressing any challenges or issues that arise.

Keep in mind that the specific steps and requirements for creating a DAO may vary depending on the chosen blockchain platform, the complexity of the organization, and the legal and regulatory environment. Additionally, it's essential to carefully consider the potential risks and challenges associated with DAOs, such as regulatory uncertainty and smart contract vulnerabilities, when creating and managing a DAO.

Final Thoughts From the Wyoming LLC Attorney Team

By treating DAOs as a distinct legal entity with the same limited liability protections as traditional LLCs, Wyoming has become the only rational place to form a DAO. A DAO can provide all the advantages of an LLC with additional capabilities to fulfill a wide variety of possible needs that a traditional LLC is not capable of.

Frequently Asked Questions

A DAO can generate revenue through various means, depending on its purpose and objectives. Some common ways include:

a. Transaction fees: If a DAO operates a decentralized platform or application (like a decentralized exchange or lending platform), it can collect fees from users for conducting transactions or using the platform's services.

b. Token appreciation: If the DAO issues its governance token, the value of these tokens may appreciate over time as the DAO becomes more successful or as demand for the tokens increases. This can generate profits for the token holders.

c. Investments: A DAO may act as a decentralized investment fund, pooling resources from its members to invest in various assets or projects. Profits generated from these investments can be distributed to the DAO's members.

d. Product or service sales: A DAO may also generate revenue by offering products or services to its users, such as software licenses, consulting services, or access to exclusive resources.

DAOs are being used in various industries and applications, including:

a. Decentralized finance (DeFi): Many DeFi platforms and applications, such as lending platforms, decentralized exchanges, and asset management platforms, are governed by DAOs.

b. Decentralized applications (dApps): Some dApps use DAOs to manage their operations, development, and decision-making processes.

c. Governance and decision-making: DAOs can be used as platforms for decentralized governance and decision-making, allowing communities to make collective decisions without relying on a central authority.

d. Investment funds: DAOs can act as decentralized investment funds, pooling resources from members to invest in various assets or projects.

e. Content creation and curation: Some DAOs focus on content creation and curation, allowing members to collaborate on and monetize their creative work.

A DAO works in a blockchain by leveraging smart contracts, which are self-executing contracts with the terms of an agreement directly written into code. These smart contracts are executed automatically when specified conditions are met, enabling the automation of various tasks, such as enforcing rules, managing governance processes, and distributing funds. The blockchain is a reliable platform that ensures DAO's transactions remain safe from tampering or hacking while also remaining immutable and open to public view.

The cost of starting a DAO can vary depending on several factors, such as the complexity of the organization, the chosen blockchain platform, and the required development and auditing resources. Some primary costs include:

a. Smart contract development: Developing smart contracts for the DAO may require hiring developers or using existing tools and frameworks. The cost will depend on the complexity of the contracts and the rates of the developers.

b. Smart contract auditing: It's essential to have the smart contracts audited for security and functionality, which may involve hiring professional auditors or using automated auditing tools. The cost can vary based on the complexity of the contracts and the rates of the auditors.

c. Deployment and operational costs: Deploying the smart contracts on the chosen blockchain platform may require paying transaction fees or gas costs. Additionally, ongoing operational costs, such as hosting and maintenance fees for communication channels or platforms, may be incurred.

d. Token distribution: Distributing the DAO's governance tokens may involve costs related to token sales, airdrops, or other distribution methods. While it's challenging to provide a specific cost estimate due to these varying factors, starting a DAO can range from relatively low-cost for simple organizations to more substantial investments for complex or large-scale projects.